Concepts and Classifications

Classification of Rural Labour Households

This note \cite{vikasnsshhtype2014} points to a new problem in the methodology of classification of rural labour households, which was revised as part of the 68th round of NSSO. This problem has arisen on account of changes in the method that is used to convert the information on income shares into a scheme for classification of households.

In an attempt to correct some gaps in the method used for classification of rural households, NSSO has created serious conceptual problems in the scheme of categorisation. Changes in the method of classification introduced in the 68th round have made it impossible to separately identify agricultural labour and rural labour households in data from the 68th round survey.

Instead of correcting the way agricultural labour households and rural labour households were identified prior to the 68th round, NSSO has created new categories of households that are not only incomparable with the categories of agricultural labour households and rural labour households in earlier surveys, but have serious conceptual problems.

As a result, data for agricultural and rural labour households produced using the new scheme of classification are not comparable with the data reported in rural labour enquiries based on earlier rounds of NSSO surveys.

Scripts to read unit-level NSS data on Employment and Unemployment

The CAS Programme of the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, JNU has supported an initiative to produce Free and Open-source scripts to read NSS unit-level data and produce annotated databases out of them. The programmes are released under GNU GPL license. We are hosting these programmes for use by anyone who may be interested.

Rural wages

Data on rural wages are available from following sources.

  1. Agricultural Wages in India published by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics
  2. Wage Rates in Rural India published by the Labour Bureau
  3. NSSO Surveys on Employment and Unemployment (EUS) and Labour Bureau’s Rural Labour Enquiries (based on EUS)

Yoshifumi Usami has been compiling data on rural wages from various official sources. He has painstakingly computerised a lot of old time series data on rural and agricultural wages, and has contributed it to this repository of data on Indian statistics. We are grateful to Usami for this very generous contribution.

Agricultural Wages in India (AWI)

“Agricultural Wages in India” are published annually by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture. Agricultural Wages in India reports provide a long time-series of data on agricultural and rural wages. AWI data are provided for selected “Centres”, which are specific villages in selected districts. In most States, data are provided for five categories of agricultural workers: Ploughman, Sower, Weeder, Reaper and Harvester, Other agricultural labour, and Herdsmen.


NSSO/Labour Bureau Series on Wages Rates in Rural India

The NSSO/Labour Bureau series “Wage Rates in Rural India” is compiled by the NSSO and the Labour Bureau, Shimla. NSSO compiles these data and publishes them in “Prices and Wages in Rural India (New Series)”. Labour Bureau publishes the same data in the Indian Labour Journal and separately in a publication called the “Wage Rates in Rural India”.


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